What is tire derived fuel and why is it dangerous? www.energyjustice.net/tires is one of the most comprehensive sources of information about burning tires.
Tire incineration in paper mills poses special concerns. The North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance, a government agency that is generally uncritical of tire incineration as a whole, still has this to say about tire incineration in paper mills: "[Paper mill] boiler sizes are smaller, and operating temperatures are lower. Thus, complete burning of TDF particles in this kind of boiler is much more difficult. Data have indicated that using TDF appears to deteriorate the emission quality. Particulates in the emissions are increased with a corresponding increase of TDF usage. Other criteria pollutants also increased in most cases... The emission control problem is the greatest single concern for burning TDF at pulp and paper mills."
Alternatives to Tire Burning
It takes approximately 55,000 BTU to produce a pound of rubber. Tires burned for fuel have an energy value of approximately 14,000 BTU per pound. It takes less than 1,000 BTU to convert a pound of waste tire rubber into good quality granulated or crumb rubber. Why 'recover' 14,000 BTU per pound of rubber by burning tires when we can preserve 54,000 BTU by recycling?
Rubberized Asphalt made from tires out-performs conventional asphalt. Find out why it isn't used more widely? DATELINE NBC
October 23, 1998
Zinc Oxide emissions from burning tires at IP will exceed Vermont's upcoming toxic health standards. IP's own permit application shows that tire derived fuel contains 21,400 ppm compared to the 3.5 ppm in the fuel it replaces—Symptoms of zinc oxide inhalation: headache, nausea, vomiting, weakness, chills, fever. Symptoms may be delayed. Particularly threatening to children, people with asthma and those with weakened immune systems. Zinc Oxide is mortally toxic to: amphibians; fish such as bluegills, striped bass, rainbow trout and fathead minnows.
Is the facility at Ticonderoga State of the Art? We know that the boiler which would burn the tires at Ticonderoga is NOT State of the Art. It was not designed to burn tires. In fact, an internal IP memorandum of October 2003, states that "there is an increased risk of a more intense fire should the Power Boiler go positive at any time during the operation." From a statement by Dr. Jean Richardson, Professor Emerita, University of Vermont at Panel Hearing on Proposed Tire Burning at International Paper’s Ticonderoga Mill, New York
Why did IP cover-up the results of the first Tire Test Burn?
Tom Berry from U.S. Senator James Jeffords' Office asked IP officials point blank for the results from the 1997 test tire burn. IP officials didn't bat an eye, and stated to the concerned public that there were no such test results; they didn't exist.
Data from the 1997 IP tire test burn showed a 200% increase in mercury and a 500% increase in zinc in fly ash when only 2 tons of tires were burned per day. IP currently purposes to burn 72 tons of tires a day.
Burning tires will release dioxins and furans -- some of the most toxic chemicals known to science.
IP currently has a permit to burn the toxic sludge created by their wastewater treatment plant. So far they have failed to successfully burn this sludge because it has been too wet. The high heat output created burning tires will allow IP to burn this sludge. More about elevated levels of chlorinated dioxins and furans in sludge from paper mills using chlorine dioxide for bleaching pulp as IP Ti does.
GOING ONLY HALFWAY
Many pulp makers have tried to avoid investing in chlorine-free technology by switching from chlorine gas to chlorine dioxide bleach. But chlorine dioxide still results in the production and release of large quantities of organochlorines, though less than chlorine gas. Find out more about the hazards to the environment organochlorines produce.