After 3 years, IP says 'never mind'
To understand all the fuss over International Paper's quest to burn shredded tires, you have to start with a grain of salt and get smaller – eight times smaller, to be exact. That's the size of the tiny specks of pollution – some carrying cancer-causing heavy metals – known as fine particulates that, in the end, eluded the Ticonderoga, N.Y., mill's sophisticated pollution control devices during its recent test burn of tire-derived fuel. After three years of public wrangling, shredded tires were finally fed into the plant's giant power boilers recently. The two-week test burn would have ended today had IP not stopped it last week. Just five days into the experiment, the plant gave up an alternative energy source that could have saved the company $4 million a year.
"We weren't able to, with any consistency, manage the total amount of fine particulates, regardless of the level of tire-derived fuel," the plant's spokeswoman, Donna Wadsworth, said last week. "It didn't matter what levels we used; we expected that when we ramped up the amount we put in, that the particulate count would go up. But there was no consistency."
--Read the full article by Darren M. Allen,
Rutland Herald, 11/19/06
What Next? Demand Full Disclosure of
International Paper Tire Burn Results
International Paper Halts Tire Burn!
Tire burn called off before end of scheduled testing
International Paper Co. concluded a test of tire-derived fuel at its mill along the Lake Champlain shoreline a week early Tuesday after finding that the process was not economically feasible in the
in the long-term. IP was performing the test to determine whether scrap tire chips could supplement fuel oil and wood scraps to power the plant's boiler. The company decided to stop the test burn after watching the levels of particulate emissions rise, spokeswoman Donna Wadsworth said. The company remained in compliance with environmental permits during the test, but found that particles produced through a combustion process and released into the air were higher than desired, she said.
Boston Globe 11/14/06
Good decision to halt tire burn testing
Burlington Free Press 11/15/06
Statement Of Vermont’s Congressional Delegation
On International Paper’s Decision To Halt Trial Tire Burn
From the Vermont Air Pollution Control Division--11/14/2006 - International Paper announced this afternoon that they have stopped the test burn. This is not a suspension of the burning of TDF, but a cancellation of the remainder of the test burn itself. Refined preliminary results from the one-quarter ton per hour tests conducted yesterday indicated no improvement over the one-half ton per hour results. The two runs gave .09 and .08 lbs/mmbtu results, essentially the same as the previous runs. This was the second reduction in feed rates following the one ton per hour tests conducted on November 9th. Emissions this close to the permit limit of 0.1 lbs/mmbtu at a feed rate one-twelfth of the proposed rate apparently convinced International Paper that further testing would not be useful. It is DEC's understanding that IP has no plans to seek a new test at this time, however we are still awaiting an official statement from the company.
IP Lowers Ceiling on Tire Burn Test--Burlington Free Press, 11/14/06
The International Paper Tire Test Burn Must Stop Now!
Statement from the Board of People for Less Pollution 11/12/06
IP TIRE BURN EMISSION UPDATE--11/10/06--
Tire Burn Exceeds Permitted
Particulate Emissions While Burning
Only 1 Ton of Tires Per Hour
International Paper has completed partial testing of their particulate emissions at 1 ton per hour and, these results were higher than expected. IP suspended feeding tire derived fuel (tdf) into the boiler when these results came in and then began again this morning at the reduced rate of 1/2 ton per hour.
A particulate testing run at the 1/2 ton rate was completed around noon) Friday. Results are not available.
The field results from Thursday below - showing particulate rates just under the permit limit (and in the first hour over!)
No Tire Burning over the Weekend. WE BELIEVE THIS TEST IS DANGEROUS AND SHOULD NOT CONTINUE MONDAY AT INTERNATIONAL PAPER!
PLEASE CHECK THE VERMONT AIR POLLUTION CONTROL DIVSION WEB SITE FOR UP-TO-DATE INFO ON THE INTERNATIONAL PAPER TIRE BURN. We are wondering why it was only after 3-days of burning tires that the first emissions testing was performed at IP? We have heard reports of people smelling odors from as far away as Ripton, VT
Click here for up-to-date info at the Vermont Air Pollution Control Division
Data from the first test shows the .10 limit particulate emissions exceeded permitted at the
1 ton/hour feed rate. WAKE UP EPA! NYDEC! THE TIME HAS COME TO STOP THIS
UNSAFE TEST--NOW!! THE RESULTS ARE IN--BURNING TIRES IS UNSAFE AT INTERNATIONAL PAPER TICONDEROGA--TO CONTINUE ON MONDAY IS NEGLIGENT AND IRRESPONSIBLE!
11/9/2006 - International Paper conducted the particulate compliance testing at the one ton per hour rate today. The testing consists of three individual measurements, after each measurement, the resulting sample is analyzed. IP has decided to remove tire derived fuel from the fuel mix until these test results are available. We expect IP to have these test results tomorrow.
11/8/2006 - International Paper continued firing TDF at the rate of 1 ton per hour throughout the day today. They did not begin particulate compliance testing at this rate today as we had expected. This was in order to give their boiler operators additional experience at this firing level. They are expected to continue at 1 ton per hour through the night tonight, with a short interruption for normal maintenance. Particulate matter testing at the 1 ton per hour rate is expected to begin Thursday morning. Preliminary results may be available later in the day. Provided the results demonstrate compliance with their permit limit, IP is expected to increase the firing rate to 2 tons per hour late tomorrow.
11/7/2006 - Following completion late yesterday of the baseline particulate test, IP introduced tire derived fuel (tdf) into the solid fuel mix at 8:30 am this morning and the tire chips actually got to the boiler around 9:30 am at the rate of 0.5 ton per hour, throughout the day this was increased to 1 ton per hour and the boiler has now been stabilized at this level. A particulate test will be required to confirm that IP is still within their permit limits before the tdf can be increased in the next phase to 2 tons per hour. A meeting was still going on at 4:30pm to set the schedule for tomorrow when IP will carry out the first particulate test with tdf in the fuel mix. In other activities today time was spent ensuring the calibration of the tdf percentage - to confirm that the tire chips are being fed at the rate described. VT DEC staff report that the calibration went well and they are satisfied it is an accurate number.
11/6/2006 - International Paper spent most of today, the first day of the tire burn test, setting things up. Under the permit they are required to carry out a baseline particulate test at the beginning of the process, but this test was held up for much of the day due to a non-tire related problem with the wood bark feeding system. (Wood is necessary for the particulate test). Because of the delay with the wood bark feeding system no tire derived fuel (tdf) was burned today. We expect that they will begin with a 1/2 ton per hour rate of tdf tomorrow morning.
To Check Weather and Wind Direction:
Winds from a westerly direction bring International Paper emissions into Vermont.
11/4/06--Courts fails to grant Injunction and protect the health of citizens from unsafe test burn
PDF of Judges Decision
Vermonters Rally Against Proposed Tire Burn
Times Argus 10/29/06
Talk by Pediatrician Jack Mayer, MD at Rally
10-30-06--People for Less Pollution and the Northeast Clean Air Coalition have filed an Amicus brief in conjunction with Vermont Attorney General William Sorrell’s suit for an injunction on the permit allowing the International Paper plant in Ticonderoga, NY to burn tire derived fuel (TDF) without the industry standard electrostatic precipitator (ESP).
Click here to see the press release
Click here to see the full Amicus brief